Linguistic Complexity And Text Comprehension

Linguistic Complexity and Text Comprehension PDF
Author: Alice Davison
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 25.80 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 1521

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Linguistic Complexity And Text Comprehension

by Alice Davison, Linguistic Complexity And Text Comprehension Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Linguistic Complexity And Text Comprehension books, Standard readability formulas are widely accepted as reliable means of determining text difficulty for readers. This book examines the shortcomings of these formulas, both for professionals who try to use these formulas to match texts with readers and for others who study how language is understood. Language comprehension experts in cognitive psychology, education, and linguistics present alternative viewpoints concerning the issue of effective readability predictors. The long-term result: new questions raised by the research in this book should help to make texts more comprehensible and to provide a theoretically sound model of language processing and interpretation.

Text Complexity And Reading Comprehension Tests

Text Complexity and Reading Comprehension Tests PDF
Author: Erik Castello
Publisher: Peter Lang
Size: 75.25 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 5737

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Text Complexity And Reading Comprehension Tests

by Erik Castello, Text Complexity And Reading Comprehension Tests Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Text Complexity And Reading Comprehension Tests books, Based on the analysis of a specially compiled corpus of internationally recognized English as a foreign language (EFL) reading tests at different levels of proficiency, this volume explores the relation between the complexity of written texts and the difficulty of reading comprehension tests. It brings together linguistic investigations into the text-inherent complexity of the tests and a study of the data derived from their administration to groups of Italian university students. The study of text complexity draws on corpus linguistics, text linguistics and systemic functional linguistics. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses are carried out on the language used in the reading texts and in the related tasks that make up the corpus of tests. The assessment of test difficulty, on the other hand, is informed by research on language testing, and, in particular, by findings and methodologies of Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory. Relevant aspects of these theories are used to analyze and interpret both the data obtained from the administration of the tests and the data collected by means of feedback questionnaires completed by test takers. The application of such diverse methodologies and the subsequent comparison of the results of the analyses has brought out interesting correlations between text-inherent complexity, perceived test difficulty and actual test difficulty.

Complexity And Coherence Approaches To Linguistic Research And Language Teaching

Complexity and Coherence  Approaches to Linguistic Research and Language Teaching PDF
Author: Josef Schmied
Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
Size: 38.14 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 1478

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Complexity And Coherence Approaches To Linguistic Research And Language Teaching

by Josef Schmied, Complexity And Coherence Approaches To Linguistic Research And Language Teaching Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Complexity And Coherence Approaches To Linguistic Research And Language Teaching books,

Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit Von Politikersprache

Verstehen und Verst  ndlichkeit von Politikersprache PDF
Author: Jan Kercher
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Size: 68.53 MB
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 422
View: 7424

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Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit Von Politikersprache

by Jan Kercher, Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit Von Politikersprache Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit Von Politikersprache books, Die mangelnde Verständlichkeit von Politikern ist immer wieder Anlass für öffentliche Kritik. Doch was bedeutet es genau, wenn eine Politikerrede als „unverständlich“ oder „verständlich“ bezeichnet wird? Ist Politikerverständlichkeit angesichts der individuellen Verständnisvoraussetzungen der deutschen Wahlbürger überhaupt objektiv messbar? Welche – individuellen und gesellschaftlichen – Prozesse beeinflussen die Verständigung zwischen Politikern und Bürgern? Welche Merkmale des Kommunikationsprozesses führen dazu, dass Politikersprache als verständlich oder unverständlich wahrgenommen wird? Eine Beantwortung dieser Fragen fällt angesichts der bestehenden Forschungslage schwer. Denn Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft haben sich dem Thema bislang kaum gewidmet. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es daher, einen ersten Schritt zur Schließung dieser Forschungslücke zu unternehmen und die Instrumente und Ergebnisse der Verständlichkeitsforschung für Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft zugänglich zu machen.​

Die Sprache Des Rechts

Die Sprache des Rechts PDF
Author: Kent D. Lerch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Size: 65.67 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 466
View: 3440

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Die Sprache Des Rechts

by Kent D. Lerch, Die Sprache Des Rechts Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Die Sprache Des Rechts books, Die dreibändige Schriftenreihe, welche unter dem Signum der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften erscheint, ist ein Kompendium des heutigen Forschungsstandes zu Sprache und Recht. Die wichtigsten Ansätze namhafter Protagonisten auf dem Gebiet der Rechtslinguistik sind hierin gesichtet, gesammelt und ausführlich besprochen. Neben einer Vorstellung der Autoren sowie einer Verortung der einzelnen Beiträge im sprach- und rechtswissenschaftlichen Diskurs erfolgt die Darlegung und Erörterung der aktuellen Forschungssituation, welche die Grundprobleme und Tendenzen der Forschung erkennen lässt. Dies erscheint um so notwendiger, als für die mit dem Gegenstand befassten Sprach-, Rechts- und Sozialwissenschaftler bislang ein umfassendes Nachschlagewerk fehlt, das sie unmittelbar an die Forschungsprobleme heranführt. Die von dem Koordinator der interdisziplinären Arbeitsgruppe Sprache des Rechts herausgegebene Schriftenreihe bietet Interessierten aller Fachrichtungen erstmals ein Arbeitsinstrument, das sie rasch und zuverlässig über den gegenwärtigen Stand der Kenntnisse zur Sprache des Rechts informiert.

Textverstehen

Textverstehen PDF
Author: Hans Strohner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Size: 74.26 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 368
View: 4419

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Textverstehen

by Hans Strohner, Textverstehen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Textverstehen books, Textverstehen ist ein grundlegender Teil der menschlichen Sprachverarbeitung und beinhaltet einen kognitiven und einen kommunikativen Aspekt. Der kognitive Aspekt bezieht sich auf die Informationsverarbeitung im Textrezipienten, während der kommunikative Aspekt das durch das Textverstehen bewirkte gemeinsame Wissen der Kommunikationspartner umfaßt. Sowohl in kognitiver als auch in kommunikativer Hinsicht geht es beim Textverstehen vor allem um die Herstellung von Sinn. Zum einen ist dies semantischer Sinn, der Ordnung im Weltwissen schafft, zum anderen pragmatischer Sinn, der die Beziehungen zwischen den Kommunikationspartnern regelt und so die Grundlage für die soziale Verständigung bildet. Diese Kernaussage des Buchs wird mit Hilfe einer systemtheoretischen Begrifflichkeit vorbereitet und in ihren verschiedenen theoretischen und empirischen Aspekten ausführlich diskutiert und belegt.

Text And Translation

Text and translation PDF
Author: Carmen Heine
Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag
Size: 35.75 MB
Category : Translating and interpreting
Languages : de
Pages : 423
View: 1518

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Text And Translation

by Carmen Heine, Text And Translation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Text And Translation books,

Syntactic Variation And Genre

Syntactic Variation and Genre PDF
Author: Heidrun Dorgeloh
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Size: 70.45 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 1918

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Syntactic Variation And Genre

by Heidrun Dorgeloh, Syntactic Variation And Genre Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Syntactic Variation And Genre books, Review text: "Without a doubt, the volume in its entirety is inspiring. [...]The articles are all written in an accessible style, so that the publication is suitable not only for experts, but also for students of linguistics. It is recommendable to all who want to broaden their horizons and embark on linguistic studies at the borders of traditional sub-disciplines."Sixta Quassdorf in: Linguist List 22.3028.

Functional Literacy

Functional Literacy PDF
Author: Ludo Th Verhoeven
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Size: 77.47 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 493
View: 7763

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Functional Literacy

by Ludo Th Verhoeven, Functional Literacy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Functional Literacy books, The purpose of the volume is to open up new perspectives in the study of literacy by bringing together current research findings from linguistics, psychology, sociology and anthropology. The book divides into five parts. The first part deals with theoretical questions related to the definition and the modeling of the construct of functional literacy. The second part goes into the notion of literacy development. Both societal and individual aspects of literacy development are taken into account. In the next two parts the actual achievement of literacy in various regions of the world is dealt with. In part 3 the focus is on attaining literacy in developing societies, and in part 4 on attaining literacy in industrialized societies. In the final part the question is raised how functional literacy can be promoted through education. Starting from a cross-cultural perspective the central issue is how standards of functional literacy can be established throughout the world.

Kognitive Linguistik

Kognitive Linguistik PDF
Author: Sascha W. Felix
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Size: 23.52 MB
Category : Education
Languages : de
Pages : 322
View: 3104

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Kognitive Linguistik

by Sascha W. Felix, Kognitive Linguistik Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kognitive Linguistik books, Sascha W. Felix / Christopher Habel / Gert Rickheit Die Fähigkeit zu sprechen ist sicher die herausragende kognitive Leistung des homo sapiens, die ihn von anderen Arten unterscheidet. Sprache bzw. Sprachen zu unter suchen ist traditionell der Forschungsgegenstand der Sprachwissenschaft; die mensch liche Sprachfähigkeit, oder anders ausgedrückt, das Vermögen des Menschen, durch Sprache zu kommunizieren und zu interagieren, ist nur in einer interdisziplinären Kooperation zwischen der linguistik und anderen Wissenschaften, insbesondere der Psychologie, der Neurowissenschaft und der "Künstlichen Intelligenz" als Teilgebiet der Informatik möglich. Im Zuge dieser Entwicklung zur interdisziplinären Forschung, die insbesondere für den angelsächsischen Wissenschaftsbereich seit mindestens 15 Jahren charakteristisch ist, wird seit 1987 von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) im Schwerpunkt programm Kognitive Linguistik die Untersuchung der Mechanismen der menschlichen Sprachbeherrschung und der sie strukturierenden Prinzipien einer systematischen Beschreibung und Erklärung zugeführt. Der vorliegende Sammelband gibt einen Überblick über die Forschungsergebnisse des Schwerpunktprogramms. Während hier im wesentlichen die Resultate der Jahre 1990 bis 1992 dargestellt werden, ist die Basis dieser Arbeiten im Vorgängerband (Felix, S.W., Kanngießer, S. & G. Rickheit (Hrsg.) 1990, Sprache und WISsen. Studien zur Kognitiven Linguistik. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag) dokumentiert.

Readability Text And Context

Readability  Text and Context PDF
Author: Alan Bailin
Publisher: Springer
Size: 20.94 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 2254

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Readability Text And Context

by Alan Bailin, Readability Text And Context Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Readability Text And Context books, This book explores what makes a book readable by bringing together the relevant literature and theories, and situating them within a unified account. It provides a single resource that offers a principled discussion of the issues and their applications.

Text Time And Context

Text  Time  and Context PDF
Author: Richard P. Meier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 46.36 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 404
View: 595

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Text Time And Context

by Richard P. Meier, Text Time And Context Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Text Time And Context books, Carlota S. Smith was a key figure in linguistic research and a pioneering woman in generative linguistics. This selection of papers focuses on the research into tense, aspect, and discourse that Smith completed while Professor of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. Smith’s early work in English syntax is still cited today, and her early career also yielded key research on language acquisition by young children. Starting in the mid-1970s, after her move to UT, she embarked on her most important line of research. In numerous papers - the first of which was published in 1975 - and in a very important 1991 book (The Parameter of Aspect), Smith analyzed how languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time. Smith’s work on the expression of time in language is notable because of its careful analyses of a number of quite different languages, including not only English and French, but also Russian, Mandarin, and Navajo. Inspired by a year in France in the early 1970s, Smith began to analyze the differing ways in which languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time. In doing so, she developed her signature ‘two-component’ theory of aspect. This model of temporal aspect provided an excellent framework for graduate students seeking to analyze the temporal systems of an array of languages, including under-described languages that are so much the focus of research in UT’s Linguistics Department. Selected by Carlota Smith herself and by her longtime friends and colleagues, this book contains her 1980 piece on temporal structures in discourse, her 1986 comparison of the English and French aspectual systems, a 1996 paper on the aspect system in Navajo (an increasingly-endangered language which Smith worked to preserve), and her 1980 and 1993 papers on the child’s acquisition of tense and aspect. Smith, who died in 2007, was a trailblazer in her field whose broad interests fed into her scholarly research. She was an avid reader who sought to bring the analytic tools of linguistics to the humanistic study of literature, by examining the syntactic and pragmatic principles which underlie literary effects. Her research on rhetorical and temporal effects in context was integrated into her last book, Modes of Discourse (2003). The current volume of articles covers much of her most fruitful work on the way in which language is used to express time, and will be essential reading for many working and studying in linguistics generally and in semantics particularly.

Consociation And Dissociation

Consociation and Dissociation PDF
Author: Christina Sanchez
Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag
Size: 40.98 MB
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : de
Pages : 294
View: 7337

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Consociation And Dissociation

by Christina Sanchez, Consociation And Dissociation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Consociation And Dissociation books, Since the middle of the twentieth century it has been widely believed that English words are less integrated into word families than German words. Ernst Leisi attributed this so-called dissociation to the large proportion of Romance words that have entered the originally Germanic English language in the course of its history. Even though fairly common, these hypotheses have not yet been tested empirically. This book thus presents a long-due study which subjects the 2,500 most frequent English and German lemmas to various analyses. For instance, they are analysed into constituents to which they are both formally and semantically related. In addition, morphosemantically related complex words containing the English and German list items are sought for. The approach adopted here, which considers a variety of variables such as formal differences and semantic obstacles, allows for a highly differentiated answer to the question whether the English vocabulary is dissociated or not. The last part of the book discusses the relevance of the study's surprising results with respect to the mental lexicon as well as language learning and teaching.

Reconciling Synchrony Diachrony And Usage In Verb Number Agreement With Complex Collective Subjects

Reconciling Synchrony  Diachrony and Usage in Verb Number Agreement with Complex Collective Subjects PDF
Author: Yolanda Fernández-Pena
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 47.69 MB
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 3463

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Reconciling Synchrony Diachrony And Usage In Verb Number Agreement With Complex Collective Subjects

by Yolanda Fernández-Pena, Reconciling Synchrony Diachrony And Usage In Verb Number Agreement With Complex Collective Subjects Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reconciling Synchrony Diachrony And Usage In Verb Number Agreement With Complex Collective Subjects books, This book uses corpus-based methodologies to investigate the wide variety of factors behind verb number agreement with complex collective noun phrases in English. The literature on collective nouns and their agreement patterns spans an array of disciplines and approaches. However, little of the research conducted to date has focused on the influence of of-dependents on verb number with relational collective nouns, as in examples such as a bunch of or a group of. Drawing on data from two case studies – one based on the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA), and the other on the British National Corpus (BNC) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) – Fernández-Pena uses statistical modelling to unpack the different morphological, syntactic, semantic and lexical dimensions of the variables affecting verb number agreement with complex collective noun phrases in English. This multidimensional analysis of the significance of of-dependents in the patterning and contemporary usage of collective nouns offers new insight into and understanding of both synchronic variation and diachronic change. This book is an essential read for scholars of English language variation and change, historical linguistics, corpus linguistics, and usage-based approaches to the study of language.

Comprehension Processes In Reading

Comprehension Processes in Reading PDF
Author: D. A. Balota
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 17.23 MB
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 656
View: 3806

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Comprehension Processes In Reading

by D. A. Balota, Comprehension Processes In Reading Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Comprehension Processes In Reading books, Comprehension Processes in Reading addresses the interrelationship among several areas relevant to understanding how people comprehend text. The contributors focus on the on-line processes associated with text understanding rather than simply with the product of that comprehension -- what people remember from reading. Presenting the latest theories and research findings from a distinguished group of contributors, Comprehension Processes in Reading is divided into four major sections. Each section, concluding with a commentary chapter, discusses a different aspect of reader understanding or dysfunction such as individual word comprehension, sentence parsing, text comprehension, and comprehension failures and dyslexia .

Sprachliche Kommunikation Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit

Sprachliche Kommunikation  Verstehen und Verst  ndlichkeit PDF
Author: Steffen-Peter Ballstaedt
Publisher: UTB GmbH
Size: 65.87 MB
Category : Law
Languages : de
Pages : 393
View: 3438

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Sprachliche Kommunikation Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit

by Steffen-Peter Ballstaedt, Sprachliche Kommunikation Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Sprachliche Kommunikation Verstehen Und Verst Ndlichkeit books, Eine theoretisch fundierte praktische Anleitung für alle Berufsfelder in Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft Verständlich Schreiben ist eine komplexe und anspruchsvolle kommunikative Aufgabe. Schwer verständliche Texte behindern in vielen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen die Kommunikation, z. B. in der Verwaltung, in Politik, Justiz, Wirtschaft, Technik und Medizin. Für zahlreiche Berufsfelder stellt das Verfassen verständlicher Texte daher eine Schlüsselqualifikation dar. Der Band bietet dazu kommunikationstheoretisch fundierte praktische Anregungen. Auf der Grundlage einer Theorie des Verstehens wird aufgezeigt, welche grammatischen (Wörter, Sätze, Texte) und pragmatischen (Sprechakte) Formulierungen das Verstehen und die sprachliche Kommunikation erleichtern oder erschweren. Das Buch gibt einen interdisziplinären Überblick zu Theorien von Verständlichkeit und sprachlicher Kommunikation. Praktische Hilfsmittel vom Fragebogen bis zum Computertool erleichtern es, die Verständlichkeit von Texten zu evaluieren und zu optimieren.